Legal terms can be confusing. What is a plaintiff? Who is a defendant? Here is a quick explanation of who the parties to a legal action are:
The “claimant” is the person who has been injured and who would be making a claim for their injuries.
The word “plaintiff” isn’t used until there is a lawsuit started.
The party responsible for the plaintiff’s injuries is known as the “defendant.”
At the time of the accident and before or until a suit is filed, the injured party is considered the “claimant” or “potential claimant.” Then there is a “responsible party,” whomever caused the incident.