The “claimant” is the person who has been injured and who would be making a claim for their injuries.
The word “plaintiff” isn’t used until there is a lawsuit started.
The party responsible for the plaintiff’s injuries is known as the “defendant.”
At the time of the accident and before or until a suit is filed, the injured party is considered the “claimant” or “potential claimant.” Then there is a “responsible party,” whomever caused the incident.
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